Diabetes Awareness Month is a perfect time for those people with diabetes to review their ABCs!
A stands for A1C
A1C is a blood test that represents your blood sugar average for the past 2-3 months.
A1C is recommended to be less than 6.5% to prevent long term diabetes complications.
A1C at goal can be achieved by a good diet, exercise, and medications if needed.
Get your A1C checked every 3-6 months.
B stands for BLOOD PRESSURE
People with diabetes often have high blood pressure, so it is important to get it checked regularly.
Normal blood pressure should be less than 130/80.
Avoid adding salt to your food or eating processed foods high in sodium, such as canned soups and salty snacks.
Maintaining your blood pressure in the normal range will help prevent heart attacks, stroke and kidney disease.
C stands for CHOLESTEROL
People with diabetes should have cholesterol levels lower than those without diabetes. High cholesterol levels increase the risk of heart attack, stroke and decreased blood flow to all parts of the body.
A cholesterol blood test includes four numbers:
Total cholesterol should be less than 200 mg/dl
HDL or “good cholesterol” (H is for happy) should be 45 mg/dl or greater
LDL or “bad cholesterol” (L is for lousy) should be 70 mg/dl or less
Triglycerides should be 150 mg/dl or less
Knowing your ABCs can help you continue to improve your management of your diabetes!
This week's Diabetes Management Tips by Jan Levesque, APRN, MSN, FNP-BC.